At the time of writing this article, Colin Powel had just addressed the United Nations Security Counsel and a war in Iraq is conceivably mere weeks away. However this potential war is characterized, it is beyond doubt that it is in extricably linked to the attack on New York on September 11, 2001 and the resultant “War on Terrorism”. Over the last century little attention was paid to marine transportation security by governments. The enforcement of drug laws was the focus of attention on marine security matters. North America felt blissfully isolated from hot spots, war and terrorists – until September 11th. In the months following, the United States identified marine and port security as a top priority and the issue became the subject of congressional hearings and media coverage.